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Video compression - from concepts to the H.264/AVC standard

: Sullivan, G.J.; Wiegand, T.


Proceedings of the IEEE 93 (2005), Nr.1, S.18-31
ISSN: 0018-9219
Fraunhofer HHI ()

Over the last one and a half decades, digital video compression technologies have become an integral part of the way we create, communicate, and consume visual information. In this paper, techniques for video compression are reviewed, starting from basic concepts. The rate-distortion performance of modern video compression schemes is the result of an interaction between motion representation techniques, intra-picture prediction techniques, waveform coding of differences, and waveform coding of various refreshed regions. The paper starts with an explanation of the basic concepts of video codec design and then explains how these various features have been integrated into international standards, up to and including the most recent such standard, known as H.264/AVC.