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Adaption of Energy Deposition in Helical Drilling of Multidimensional Micro Holes Using Ultrashort Laser Pulses

: He, C.; Esch, D.; Gillner, A.


Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering. Online journal 14 (2019), Nr.2, S.173-178
ISSN: 1880-0688
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
390621612; EXC 2023: Internet of Production
Fraunhofer ILT ()

High-precision, multidimensional holes are required in many technical applications. Due to its undercut shape, these kind of holes are usually manufactured from two sides of the work piece in-cluding a time-consuming co-axial alignment. Compared to current state of the art, a one-sided drill-ing strategy has numerous advantages regarding flexibility, precision and process efficiency. In this work, a helical drilling optic and an ultrashort pulse laser are utilized to fabricate a rotationally sym-metric multidimensional-shaped hole in one single process step. The influences of single pulse energy, pulse repetition rate, rotation speed of laser beam as well as the drilling time on ablation depth are investigated. By varying the pulse energy and pulse density, the deposited energy per unit length on the single helical path can be adapted and thus the ablation depth can be scaled. With the adapted laser energy deposition, a T-shaped hole with a uniformed depth of about 80 μm inlet is fabricated. Mor-phological analysis on the hole wall show excellent drilling quality without recast layers or heat-affected zones and roughness Rq < 0.35 μm.