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Stereospecific induction of apoptosis in tumor cells via endogenous C16-ceramide and distinct transcripts

 
: Blaess, M.; Le, H.P.; Claus, R.A.; Kohl, M.; Deigner, H.-P.

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Volltext ()

Cell death discovery 1 (2015), Art. 15013, 10 S.
ISSN: 2058-7716
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Abstract
Concentration and distribution of individual endogenous ceramide species is crucial for apoptosis induction in response to various stimuli. Exogenous ceramide analogs induce apoptosis and can in turn modify the composition/concentrations of endogenous ceramide species and associated signaling. In this study, we show here that the elevation of endogenous C-16-ceramide levels is a common feature of several known apoptosis-inducing triggers like mmLDL, TNF-alpha, H2O2 and exogenous C-6-ceramide. Vice versa apoptosis requires elevation of endogenous C-16-ceramide levels in cells. Enantiomers of a synthetic ceramide analog HPL-1RS36N have been developed as probes and vary in their capacity to inducing apoptosis in macrophages and HT-29 cells. Apoptosis induction by the two synthetic ceramide analogs HPL-39N and HPL-1R36N correlates with generation of cellular C-16-ceramide concentration. In contrast to the S-enantiomer HPL-1S36N, the R-enantiomer HPL-1R36N shows significant effects on the expression of distinct genes known to be involved in cell cycle, cell growth and cell death (CXCL10, CCL5 and TNF-alpha), similarly on apoptosis induction. Enantioselective effects on transcription induced by metabolically stable synthetic probes provide clues on molecular mechanisms of ceramide-induced signaling, as well as leads for future anti-cancer agents.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-562331.html