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Comparison of electrochemical degradation for spray dried and pulse gas dried LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4

: Seidel, Matthias; Kugaraj, Muthuraman; Nikolowski, Kristian; Wolter, Mareike; Kinski, Isabel; Jähnert, Thomas; Michaelis, Alexander

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Journal of the Electrochemical Society 166 (2019), 13, S.A2860-A2869
ISSN: 0013-4651
ISSN: 1945-7111
ISSN: 0096-4786
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
Batterie2020; 03XP0068G; EMBATT2.0
Batteriematerialien für zukünftige elektro-mobile Anwendungen
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
batteries; high-power lithium ion batteries; Electroanalytical Electrochemistry; lithium; high-voltage cathode material; LNMO; spinel

To commercialize next-generation cathode materials a lot of different synthesis methods need to be researched and evaluated regarding the attainable electrochemical properties of the materials on one hand, and the scalability of the process on the other. For the high voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material especially the degradation of the material during cycling needs to be investigated for different scales and techniques. LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) was synthesized using two different methods in different scales: lab-scaled spray drying and pilot-scaled gas pulse drying. The materials were analysed by XRD, FESEM, particle size distribution and BET to achieve an extensive overview of the particles. The electrochemical properties were examined by galvanostatic charging and discharging at different C-rates as well as EIS at different SOCs using LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/Li coins cells. To improve the electrochemical properties additional grinding and temperature treatments were used. Their influence on the electrochemical properties was investigated by analysing the capacity slippage as well as the electrolyte-, surface film- and the charge transfer resistance. These results will show that the same electrochemical properties can be achieved for the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode material when changing and upscaling the synthesis methods.