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Influence of the vapour channel on processing in laser powder bed fusion

: Frostevarg, Jan; Volpp, Jörg; Thompson, Cassidy; Prasad, Himani Siva; Fedina, Tatiana; Brückner, Frank

Volltext ()

Procedia manufacturing 36 (2019), S.80-87
ISSN: 2351-9789
Nordic Laser Material Processing Conference (NOLAMP) <17, 2019, Trondheim>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWS ()
high speed imaging; SLM; powder movement; pressure

Additive Manufacturing provides many opportunities to design and manufacture parts that are difficult or not possible to produce with conventional methods. In Selective Laser Melting (SLM) in powder bed fusion (PBF), melt pool dynamics and stability is dependent on a large number of factors, e.g. laser power output, power density, travel speed, reflectivity of powder bed, rapid heating and vaporization. Since travel speeds are often very fast and the laser interaction zone is small, the physical events become difficult to predict but also to observe. This work aims to describe the formation and geometrical characteristics of the vaporization zone during processing. Using a combination of theoretical descriptions, resulting material structures and a comprehensive analysis of high-speed images of the processing zone for different heat inputs and travel speeds, explanations for the dynamic melt pool behaviour are derived. The melting and pressures from processing involved moves powder particles next to it, changing the conditions for neighbouring tracks due to lack of material. These findings can provide a basis for creating more efficient and stable SLM processing, with fewer imperfections.