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Biosynthesis of Stereoisomers of Dill Ether and Wine Lactone by Pleurotus sapidus

: Trapp, T.; Kirchner, T.; Birk, F.; Fraatz, M.A.; Zorn, H.


Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 67 (2019), Nr.49, S.13400-13411
ISSN: 0021-8561
ISSN: 1520-5118
Fraunhofer IME ()

The white-rot fungus Pleurotus sapidus (PSA) biosynthesizes the bicyclic monoterpenoids 3,6-dimethyl-2,3,3a,4,5,7a-hexahydrobenzofuran (dill ether) (1) and 3,6-dimethyl-3a,4,5,7a-tetrahydro-1-benzofuran-2(3H)-one (wine lactone) (2). Submerged cultures grown in different media were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The stereochemistry of the formed isomers was elucidated by comparing their retention indices to those of reference compounds by enantioselective multidimensional gas chromatography. The basidiomycete produced the rare (3R,3aR,7aS) and (3S,3aR,7aS) stereoisomers of dill ether and wine lactone. Kinetic analyses of the volatilome and bioprocess parameters revealed that the biosynthesis of the bicyclic monoterpenoids correlated with the availability of the primary carbon source glucose. Spiking the media with 13 C-labeled glucose demonstrated that the compounds were produced de novo. Supplementation studies i.a. with isotopically labeled substrate s further identified limonene and p-menth-1-en-9-ol as intermediate compounds in the fungal pathways. PSA was able to biotransform all enantiomeric forms of the latter compounds to the respective isomers of dill ether and wine lactone.