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Polymorphic states and phase transitions in a comb-like polymer having a rigid polyester backbone and flexible side chains

 
: Danke, V.; Gupta, G.; Huth, H.; Schawe, J.E.K.; Beiner, M.

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Thermochimica acta 677 (2019), S.162-168
ISSN: 0040-6031
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Abstract
Structure formation in an alkoxylated polyester having rigid backbone and flexible side chains composed of 10 alkyl carbons per side chain is studied using X-ray diffraction, conventional DSC and flash DSC techniques. Two crystalline states-modification B and modification A are observed with their occurrence depending on the thermal treatment. Additionally, a liquid crystalline phase is also detected above the melting temperature of modification A. While modification B is the thermodynamically preferred phase at low temperatures consisting of crystalline side chains, modification A is observed on heating above 120 °C and shows a disordered packing of the side chains. Rapid cooling using Fast Differential Scanning Calorimetry (FDSC) yields a liquid crystalline state wherein a long range ordered layered morphology exists, however, the π − π stacking of the backbones is absent. The molecular orientation of backbones under the influence of shear fields as well as on a glass fiber surface is also studied. Both modifications A and B show backbone orientation along the shear fields in an extruded sample while a preferential edge-on orientation is inferred on the glass fiber surface.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-558484.html