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Poly (butyl acrylate)-graft-polystyrene synthesis by free-radical polymerization: Interplay between structure, morphology, mechanical, and optical properties

: Fage, J.; Knoll, K.; Niessner, N.; Carstensen, O.; Schulz, T.; Malz, F.; Döring, M.; Schönberger, F.

Volltext ()

Polymers. Online resource 11 (2019), Nr.8, Art. 1317, 18 S.
ISSN: 2073-4360
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer LBF ()

We report a new method of preparation of poly (butyl acrylate)-g-polystyrene/polystyrene blends by free-radical polymerization. Copolymerization of glycidyl (meth)acrylate with butyl acrylate is followed by a polymer analogous reaction of this copolymer with acrylic acid and subsequent copolymerization of the modified backbone with styrene. Investigation on the number of reactive groups per backbone chain and its molecular weight allows grafting efficiencies of about 35% to be reached, as well as low cross-linking. Blends of nanophase-separated copolymers having a backbone with Mn of around 50 kg/mol and 4 reactive groups per chain are transparent, with haze as low as 14%, tensile strength of around 22 MPa, and elongations at the break of around 3%. Correlation between morphology determined by transmission electron microscopy and properties of the blend is established.