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Occupational Exposure to Antibiotics in Poultry Feeding Farms

 
: Paul, R.; Gerling, S.; Berger, M.; Blümlein, K.; Jäckel, U.; Schuchardt, S.

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Annals of work exposures and health 63 (2019), Nr.7, S.821-827
ISSN: 2398-7316
ISSN: 2398-7308
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer ITEM ()

Abstract
Today, antibiotics are essential for effective treatment of infectious diseases both in human and veterinary medicine. The increasing development and distribution of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms are subject of concern. In some sectors of animal agriculture, such as poultry feeding farms, the application of antibiotics and hence occupational exposure is inevitable. In the past, numerous studies focussed on the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock farming, but little attention was paid to the employees. The exposure of workers to antibiotics was the focus of the study detailed in this article. Four biomonitoring campaigns monitoring systemic exposure of workers to antibiotics were run at two farms over four fattening periods. Urine samples of potentially affected employees were sampled and analysed for the antibiotics of interest by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. The highest antibiotic concentrations detected in urine samples exceeded the minimum inhibitory concentration of some bacteria strains. In some cases, the amount of antibiotics excreted over a time-period of 24 h indicated the exceedance of the tolerable daily intake.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-558302.html