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Maritime target imaging via simultaneous DVB-T and DVB-S passive ISAR

 
: Pisciottano, I.; Cristallini, D.; Pastina, D.

:

IET radar, sonar & navigation 13 (2019), Nr.9, S.1479-1487
ISSN: 1751-8784
ISSN: 1751-8792
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer FHR ()

Abstract
This work presents an analysis of passive inverse synthetic aperture radar images obtained exploiting simultaneously digital video broadcasting-Terrestrial (DVB-T) and digital video broadcasting-satellite (DVB-S) as illuminators of opportunity (IOs) over a cooperative maritime target with known motion. The combined exploitation of these two IOs is extremely appealing for passive imaging purposes, given their complementary characteristics. The analysis is first conducted in a simulated environment, to show the different expected outcomes from the two considered bistatic geometries and operating bandwidths. Subsequently, the same analysis is repeated over real data acquired during a field trial, by exploiting experimental setups developed at Fraunhofer FHR. In particular, DVB-T and DVB-S data are focused by means of back projection, which enables an easier comparison of the different ISAR products. Real data results show good match with simulated ones. Target size can be estimated with good accuracy in both DVB-T and DVB-S cases, and dominant scatterers can also be identified. DVB-S also enables target-shape recognition, given its higher signal bandwidth.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-558257.html