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RSV vaccine based on rhabdoviral vector protects after single immunization

 
: Wilmschen, Sarah; Schneider, Sabrina; Peters, Felix; Bayer, Lea; Issmail, Leila; Bánki, Zoltán; Grunwald, Thomas; Laer, Dorothee von; Kimpel, Janine

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Volltext ()

Vaccines 7 (2019), Nr.3, Art. 59, 17 S.
ISSN: 2076-393X
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Abstract
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in childhood and an effective vaccine is still not available. We previously described a new rhabdoviral vector vaccine, VSV-GP, a variant of the vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), where the VSV glycoprotein G is exchanged by the glycoprotein GP of the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Here, we evaluated VSV-GP as vaccine vector for RSV with the aim to induce RSV neutralizing antibodies. Wild-type F (Fwt) or a codon optimized version (Fsyn) were introduced at position 5 into the VSV-GP genome. Both F versions were efficiently expressed in VSV-GP-F infected cells and incorporated into VSV-GP particles. In mice, high titers of RSV neutralizing antibodies were induced already after prime and subsequently boosted by a second immunization. After challenge with RSV, viral loads in the lungs of immunized mice were reduced by 2-3 logs with no signs of an enhanced disease induced by the vaccination. Even a single intranasal immunization significantly reduced viral load by a factor of more than 100-fold. RSV neutralizing antibodies were long lasting and mice were still protected when challenged 20 weeks after the boost. Therefore, VSV-GP is a promising candidate for an effective RSV vaccine.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-555468.html