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Correlations between suspension formulation, drying parameters, granule structure, and mechanical properties of spray dried ceramic granules

: Eckhard, Susanna; Höhn, Sören; Fries, Manfred


Fritsching, U.:
Process-spray. Functional particles produced in spray processes
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016
ISBN: 978-3-319-32368-8 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-32370-1 (Online)
Aufsatz in Buch
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
chemical engineering; surface and interface; thin film

Within this project, the correlations between internal structures of ceramic spray dried granules and resulting mechanical properties were investigated. A new method for the preparation and selective quantification of internal structure parameters based on image analysis was developed and evaluated within this project. On microstructure level the microporosity, particle distance or coordination number can be determined. The macrostructure can be characterized via shell thickness, batch composition or macroporosity determination. The mechanical properties of spray dried granules can be modified in a defined way by adjusting shell thickness and/or microporosity: Increasing fracture strength can be achieved via increasing shell thickness or reducing microporosity. Comparisons of granule properties also showed increasing fracture deformation values via increase of shell thickness and/or increase of microporosity. For the investigated granules, a dominating influence of the microstructure (microporosity) was measured. Structural changes responsible for modified mechanical properties can be achieved via suspension formulation modification regarding solid content, particle size, or suspension temperature. Furthermore, spray drying parameters like drying temperature, atomizer type, or drying kinetics influence the structure formation and therewith mechanical properties if the added polyvinyl alcohol binder is kept constant. If the additive content is modified, varied internal granule structures can be achieved, whereas the physical additive properties are decisive for the resulting mechanical granule properties.