Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Can Computers Learn from the Aesthetic Wisdom of the Crowd?

: Bauckhage, Christian; Kersting, Kristian


Künstliche Intelligenz : KI 27 (2013), Nr.1, S.25-35
ISSN: 0933-1875
ISSN: 1610-1987
Fraunhofer IAIS ()

The social media revolution has led to an abundance of image and video data on the Internet. Since this data is typically annotated, rated, or commented upon by large communities, it provides new opportunities and challenges for computer vision. Social networking and content sharing sites seem to hold the key to the integration of context and semantics into image analysis. In this paper, we explore the use of social media in this regard. We present empirical results obtained on a set of 127,593 images with 3,741,176 tag assignments that were harvested from Flickr, a photo sharing site. We report on how users tag and rate photos and present an approach towards automatically recognizing the aesthetic appeal of images using confidence-based classifiers to alleviate effects due to ambiguously labeled data. Our results indicate that user generated content allows for learning about aesthetic appeal. In particular, established low-level image features seem to enable the recognition of beauty. A reliable recognition of unseemliness, on the other hand, appears to require more elaborate high-level analysis.