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An efficient numerical framework for fiber spinning scenarios with evaporation effects in airflows

: Wieland, M.; Arne, W.; Feßler, R.; Marheineke, N.; Wegener, R.


Journal of computational physics 384 (2019), S.326-348
ISSN: 0021-9991
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

In many spinning processes, as for example in dry spinning, solvent evaporates out of the spun jets and leads to thinning and solidification of the produced fibers. Such production processes are significantly driven by the interaction of the fibers with the surrounding airflow. Faced with industrial applications producing up to several hundred fibers simultaneously, the direct numerical simulation of the three-dimensional multiphase, multiscale problem is computationally extremely demanding and thus in general not possible. In this paper, we hence propose a dimensionally reduced, efficiently evaluable fiber model that enables the realization of fiber-air interactions in a two-way coupling with airflow computations. For viscous dry spinning of an uni-axial two-phase flow, we deduce one-dimensional equations for fiber velocity and stress from cross-sectional averaging and combine them with two-dimensional advection-diffusion equations for polymer mass fraction and temperature revealing the radial effects that are observably present in experiments. For the numerical treatment of the resulting parametric boundary value problem composed of one-dimensional ordinary differential equations and two-dimensional partial differential equations we develop an iterative coupling algorithm. The solution of the advection-diffusion equations is implicitly given in terms of Green's functions and leads for the surface values to Volterra integral equations of second kind with singular kernel, which we can solve very efficiently by the product integration method. For the ordinary differential equations a suitable collocation-continuation procedure is presented. Compared with the referential solution of a three-dimensional setting, the numerical results are very convincing. They provide a good approximation while drastically reducing the computational time. This efficiency allows the two-way coupled simulation of industrial dry spinning in airflows for which we present results for the first time in literature.