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Surface Modification by Polyzwitterions of the Sulfabetaine-Type, and Their Resistance to Biofouling

: Schönemann, Eric; Laschewsky, André; Wischerhoff, Erik; Koc, Julian; Rosenhahn, Axel

Volltext ()

Polymers. Online resource 11 (2019), Nr.6, Art. 1014, 34 S.
ISSN: 2073-4360
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Sachmittelbeihilfe; La 611/14-1
Neue zwitterionische Polymere für "low-fouling" Oberflächen
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAP ()
polyzwitterion; sulfabetaine; sulfobetaine; polymer thin film; photo crosslinking; C,H insertion crosslinking (CHic); protein adsorption; anti-fouling materials

Films of zwitterionic polymers are increasingly explored for conferring fouling resistance to materials. Yet, the structural diversity of polyzwitterions is rather limited so far, and clear structure-property relationships are missing. Therefore, we synthesized a series of new polyzwitterions combining ammonium and sulfate groups in their betaine moieties, so-called poly(sulfabetaine)s. Their chemical structures were varied systematically, the monomers carrying methacrylate, methacrylamide, or styrene moieties as polymerizable groups. High molar mass homopolymers were obtained by free radical polymerization. Although their solubilities in most solvents were very low, brine and lower fluorinated alcohols were effective solvents in most cases. A set of sulfabetaine copolymers containing about 1 mol % (based on the repeat units) of reactive benzophenone methacrylate was prepared, spin-coated onto solid substrates, and photo-cured. The resistance of these films against the on specific adsorption by two model proteins (bovine serum albumin BSA, fibrinogen) was explored, and directly compared with a set of references. The various polyzwitterions reduced protein adsorption strongly compared to films of poly(n-butyl methacrylate) that were used as a negative control. The poly(sulfabetaine)s showed generally even somewhat higher anti-fouling activity than their poly(sulfobetaine) analogues, though detailed efficacies depended on the individual polymerprotein pairs. Best samples approach the excellent performance of a poly(oligo(ethylene oxide) methacrylate) reference.