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On the formation of diaplectic glass: Shock and thermal experiments with plagioclase of different chemical compositions

: Fritz, Jörg; Assis Fernandes, Vera; Greshake, Ansgar; Holzwarth, Andreas; Böttger, Ute


Meteoritics & planetary science 54 (2019), Nr.7, S.1533-1547
ISSN: 1086-9379
ISSN: 0026-1114
European Commission EC
H2020; 749815; XeMoon
Sources and sinks for excess Xe and Ar on the Moon
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
FE 1523/3‐1
Fraunhofer EMI ()

This contribution addresses the role of chemical composition, pressure, temperature, and time during the shock transformation of plagioclase into diaplectic glass—i.e., maskelynite. Plagioclase of An50‐57 and An94 was recovered as almost fully isotropic maskelynite from room temperature shock experiments at 28 and 24 GPa. The refractive index (RI) decreased to values of a quenched mineral glass for An50‐57 plagioclase shocked to 45 GPa and shows a maximum in An94 plagioclase shocked to 41.5 GPa. The An94 plagioclase experiments can serve as shock thermobarometer for lunar highland rocks and howardite, eucrite, and diogenite meteorites. Shock experiments at 28, 32, 36, and 45 GPa and initial temperatures of 77 and 293 K on plagioclase (An50‐57) produced materials with identical optical and Raman spectroscopic properties. In the low temperature (<540 K) region, the formation of maskelynite is entirely controlled by shock pressure. The RI of maskelynite decreased in heating experiments of 5 min at temperatures of >770 K, thus, providing a conservative upper limit for the postshock temperature history of the rock. Although shock recovery experiments and static pressure experiments differ by nine orders of magnitude in typical time scale (microseconds versus hours), the amorphization of plagioclase occurs at similar pressure and temperature conditions with both methods. The experimental shock calibration of plagioclase can, together with other minerals, be used as shock thermobarometer for naturally shocked rocks.