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M-estimator based Chinese Remainder Theorem with few remainders using a Kroenecker product based mapping vector

: Milanezi, Jayme; Costa, João Paulo Carvalho Lustosa da; Römer, Florian; Miranda, Ricardo Kehrle; Marinho, Marco Antonio Marques; Galdo, Giovanni del


Digital signal processing 87 (2019), S.60-74
ISSN: 1051-2004
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT); remainder error bound; tensorial product; M-estimation; Kroenecker product

The Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT) explains how to estimate an integer-valued number from the knowledge of the remainders obtained by dividing such unknown integer by co-prime integers. As an algebraic theorem, CRT is the basis for several techniques concerning data processing. For instance, considering a single-tone signal whose frequency value is above the sampling rate, the respective peak in the DFT informs the impinging frequency value modulo the sampling rate. CRT is nevertheless sensitive to errors in the remainders, and many efforts have been developed in order to improve its robustness. In this paper, we propose a technique to estimate real-valued numbers by means of CRT, employing for this goal a Kroenecker based M-Estimation (ME), specially suitable for CRT systems with low number of remainders. Since ME schemes are in general computationally expensive, we propose a mapping vector obtained via Kroenecker products which considerably reduces the computational complexity. Furthermore, our proposed technique enhances the probability of estimating an unknown number accurately even when the errors in the remainders surpass 1/4 of the greatest common divisor of all moduli. We also provide a version of the mapping vectors based on tensorial n-mode products, delivering in the end the same information of the original method. Our approach outperforms the state-of-the-art CRT methods not only in terms of percentage of successful estimations but also in terms of smaller average error.