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Additive manufacturing of copper alloys: Influence of process parameters and alloying elements

: Tiberto, Dario; Klotz, Ulrich E.; Held, Franz; Wolf, Gerhard


Materials science and technology 35 (2019), Nr.8, S.969-977
ISSN: 0267-0836
ISSN: 1743-2847
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Sulzbach-Rosenberg ()
additive manufacturing; CuNiSi alloy; powder size; process parameter; physical property

Owing to the physical properties of copper and its alloys it is challenging to achieve good surface quality and low porosity by the widely used laser-based additive manufacturing processes. This paper deals with the role of alloy composition, powder size and process parameters in additive manufacturing with laser beam melting machine (with power up to 100 W). Test parts were produced in pure copper and CuNiSi(Cr) alloys. The porosity was investigated as a function of different process parameters and powder size ranges. The effects of the alloy physical properties (reflectivity, thermal conductivity, melting range and surface tension) are discussed. Moreover, the effect of thermal treatment on the properties of CuNiSi parts was assessed in conventional two-step heat treatments.