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An in vitro model mimics the contact of biomaterials to blood components and the reaction of surrounding soft tissue

: Jannasch, Maren; Gaetzner, Sabine; Groeber, Florian; Weigel, Tobias; Walles, Heike; Schmitz, Tobias; Hansmann, Jan


Acta biomaterialia 89 (2019), S.227-241
ISSN: 1742-7061
ISSN: 1878-7568
Fraunhofer ISC ()
Biomaterialien; Blutkomponenten; In-vitro-Modell

The therapeutic efficacy of a medical product after implantation depends strongly on the host-initiated fibrotic response (foreign body reaction). For novel biomaterials, it is of high relevance to understand this fibrotic process. As an alternative to in vivo studies, in vitro models mimic parts of the whole foreign body reaction. Aim of this study was to develop a wound model with key cells and matrix proteins in coculture. This approach combined blood components such as primary macrophages in a plasma-derived fibrin hydrogel, directly exposed to reference biomaterials (PTFE, glass, titanium). The soft tissue reaction is resembled by integrating fibroblasts in a collagen or a fibrin matrix. Those two experimental setups were conducted to show whether a long-term in vitro culture of 13 days is feasible. The response to reference biomaterials was assessed by multi-parametric analyses, comprising molecular profiling (cytokines, collagen I and ß-actin) and tissue remodeling (cell adherence, histological structure, tissue deposition). Polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) and titanium were tested as references to correlate the in vitro evaluation to previous in vivo studies. Most striking, both model setups evaluated references’ fibrotic characteristics as previously reported by in vivo studies.