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Design and layout of an energy autarkic wireless sensor network in underground metro tunnels

: Kempf, Scott; Schnelle, Niklas; Vincke, Jonah; Schäfer, Frank


AMA Service GmbH, Wunstorf:
AMA Conferences 2017. Proceedings : Nuremberg Exhibition Centre, Germany, 30.5.-1.6.2017; Proceedings; SENSOR 2017, 18th International Conference on Sensors and Measurement Technology, IRS² 2017, 15th International Conference on Infrared Sensors & Systems; CD-ROM
Wunstorf: AMA Service, 2017
ISBN: 978-3-9816876-4-4
International Conference on Sensors and Measurement Technology (SENSOR) <18, 2017, Nuremberg>
International Conference on Infrared Sensors & Systems (IRS2) <15, 2017, Nuremberg>
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF (Deutschland)
181137; SenSE4Metro
Fraunhofer EMI ()

The transition to a society increasingly reliant on underground mass transportation in the 21st century has led to heightened demands on safety and security of its passengers concerning terror attacks and natural disasters. The Fraunhofer Ernst-Mach-Institut, in coordination with several partners in India and Germany, is developing an integrated security management and emergency response system. The system is based on energy self-sufficient wireless sensor networks for the communication of security relevant sensing information reliably to the central management system. In this paper, the system requirements, layout and operating modes are described. Based on these, an energy consumption assessment was compiled and the requirements for the energy harvesting sub-system were defined.