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Revisiting elimination half live as an indicator for bioaccumulation in fish and terrestrial mammals

: Goss, Kai-Uwe; Linden, Lukas; Ulrich, Nadin; Schlechtriem, Christian


Chemosphere 210 (2018), S.341-346
ISSN: 0045-6535
ISSN: 0366-7111
Fraunhofer IME ()
bioconcentration; biomagnification; chemical risk assessment; uptake rate constant; elimination rate constant

Current bioaccumulation regulation is focused on bioconcentration in fish. An extension to terrestrial mammals, e.g. rat, is urgently needed but will have to use a different metric, most likely the BMF. While both metrics are thermodynamically not equivalent the regulative testing requirements for both might be reduced to the investigation of the respective elimination rate constants k2 for fish or rat. These k2 values could be derived from animal tests or from in vitro - in vivo extrapolation and could be combined with estimated uptake rate constants to yield either a BCF or a BMF value. The possibility to use in vitro methods for k2 has the advantage that animal tests can be avoided and it bears the chance to experimentally cover species differences which are currently ignored in bioaccumulation regulation. Existing data for BCF and the respective k2 values for fish - either from feeding studies or from BCF studies themselves-indicate that this approach works. For terrestrial bioaccumulation this approach still needs further experimental support.