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Intuitive robot programming through environment perception, augmented reality simulation and automated program verification

: Wassermann, Jonas; Vick, Axel; Krüger, Jörg

Volltext ()

Procedia CIRP 76 (2018), S.161-166
ISSN: 2212-8271
Conference on Assembly Technologies and Systems (CATS) <7, 2018, Tianjin/China>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPK ()
industrial robotic; robot programming; augmented reality

The increasing complexity of products and machines as well as short production cycles with small lot sizes present great challenges to production industry. Both, the programming of industrial robots in online mode using hand-held control devices or in offline mode using text-based programming requires specific knowledge of robotics and manufacturer-dependent robot control systems. In particular for small and medium-sized enterprises the machine control software needs to be easy, intuitive and usable without time-consuming learning steps, even for employees with no in-depth knowledge of information technology. To simplify the programming of application programs for industrial robots, we extended a cloud-based, task-oriented robot control system with environment perception and plausibility check functions. For the environment perception a depth camera and pointcloud processing hardware were installed. We detect objects located in the robot’s workspace by pointcloud processing with ROS and the PCL and add them to the augmented reality user interface of the robot control. The combination of process knowledge from task-oriented application programming and information about available workpieces from automated image processing enables a plausibility check and verification of the robot program before execution. After a robot program has been approved by the plausibility check, it is tested in an augmented reality simulation for collisions with the detected objects before deployment to the physical robot hardware. Experiments were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the developed extensions and confirmed their functionality.