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Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) of Metal-Ceramic Components

: Abel, Johannes; Scheithauer, Uwe; Janics, Thomas; Hampel, Stefan; Cano, Santiago; Müller-Köhn, Axel; Günther, Anne; Kukla, Christian; Moritz, Tassilo


Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. Online resource 143 (2019), Art. e57693, 13 S.
ISSN: 1940-087X
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
CerAMfacturing; ceramic; AM methods; implant; additive manufacturing; surgical; Multi-Material; Fused Filament Fabrication

Technical ceramics are widely used for industrial and research applications, as well as for consumer goods. Today, the demand for complex geometries with diverse customization options and favorable production methods is increasing continuously. With fused filament fabrication (FFF), it is possible to produce large and complex components quickly with high material efficiency. In FFF, a continuous thermoplastic filament is melted in a heated nozzle and deposited below. The computer-controlled print head is moved in order to build up the desired shape layer by layer. Investigations regarding printing of metals or ceramics are increasing more and more in research and industry. This study focuses on additive manufacturing (AM) with a multi-material approach to combine a metal (stainless steel) with a technical ceramic (zirconia: ZrO2). Combining these materials offers a broad variety of applications due to their different electrical and mechanical properties. The paper shows the main issues in preparation of the material and feedstock, device development, and printing of these composites.