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Isolated metastasis of an EGFR-L858R-mutated NSCLC of the meninges: The potential impact of CXCL12/CXCR4 axis in EGFRmut NSCLC in diagnosis, follow-up and treatment

: Lüke, Florian; Blazquez, Raquel; Yamaci, Rezan Fahrioglu; Lu, Xin; Pregler, Benedikt; Hannus, Stefan; Menhart, Karin; Hellwig, Dirk; Wester, Hans-Jürgen; Kropf, Saskia; Heudobler, Daniel; Grosse, Jirka; Moosbauer, Jutta; Hutterer, Markus; Hau, Peter; Riemenschneider, Markus J.; Bayerlová, Michaela; Bleckmann, Annalen; Polzer, Bernhard; Beißbarth, Tim; Klein, Christoph A.; Pukrop, Tobias

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5255262 (5.1 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 2c6959400aaa56ca4fc917213804d816
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Erstellt am: 8.1.2019

OncoTarget 9 (2018), Nr.27, S.18844-18857
ISSN: 1949-2553
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
NSCLC; brain metastasis; Pentixafor PET/CT; CXCR4; fluorescence cross correlation spectroscopy

Brain and leptomeningeal metastasis (LMM) of non-small cell lung cancer is still associated with poor prognosis. Moreover, the current diagnostic standard for LMM often yields false negative results and the scientific progress in this field is still unsatisfying. We present a case of a 71-year old patient with an isolated LMM. While standard diagnostics could only diagnose a cancer of unknown primary, the use of [68Hutterer8,9,10, Peter Hau8,9, Markus J. Riemenschneider11, Michaela Bayerlová12 Annalen Bleckmann12,13, Markus ,, Christoph A. Klein2,14, Benedikt ,Ga]Pentixafor-PET/CT (CXCR4-PET/CT, a radiotracer targeting CXCR4) and a liquid biopsy of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed the primary NSCLC. The detection of L858R-EGFR, a common driver mutation in NSCLC, enabled us to treat the patient with Afatinib and monitor treatment using [68Ga]-Pentixafor PET/CT. To estimate the impact of CXCR4signaling and its ligands in NSCLC brain metastasis we looked at their expression and correlation with EGFR mutations in a primary and brain metastasis data set and investigated the previously described binding of extracellular ubiquitin to CXCR4. In conclusion, we describe a novel approach to improve diagnostics towards LMMand underline the impact of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis in brain metastasis in a subset of NSCLC patients. We cannot confirm a correlation of CXCR4 expression with EGFR mutations or the binding of extracellular ubiquitin as previously reported.