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Singular value decomposition versus sparse grids: Refined complexity estimates

: Griebel, Michael; Harbrecht, Helmut

Volltext ()

IMA journal of numerical analysis 39 (2019), Nr.4, S.1652-1671
ISSN: 0272-4979
ISSN: 1464-3642
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer SCAI ()

We compare the cost complexities of two approximation schemes for functions that live on the product domain Ω1×Ω2 of sufficiently smooth domains Ω1⊂Rn1 and Ω2⊂Rn2⁠, namely the singular value / Karhunen–Lòeve decomposition and the sparse grid representation. We assume that appropriate finite element methods with associated orders r1 and r2 of accuracy are given on the domains Ω1 and Ω2⁠, respectively. This setting reflects practical needs, since often black-box solvers are used in numerical simulation, which restrict the freedom in the choice of the underlying discretization. We compare the cost complexities of the associated singular value decomposition and the associated sparse grid approximation. It turns out that, in this situation, the approximation by the sparse grid is always equal or superior to the approximation by the singular value decomposition. The results in this article improve and generalize those from the study by Griebel & Harbrecht (2014, Approximation of bi-variate functions. Singular value decomposition versus sparse grids. IMA J. Numer. Anal., 34, 28–54). Especially, we consider the approximation of functions from generalized isotropic and anisotropic Sobolev spaces.