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Fault Diagnosis of Water Quality Monitoring Devices Based on Multiclass Support Vector Machines and Rule-Based Decision Trees

: Liu, Shuangyin; Xu, Longqin; Qiucheng, Li; Zhao, Xuehua; Li, Daoliang


IEEE access 6 (2018), S.22184-22195
ISSN: 2169-3536
Fraunhofer IOSB ()

Preventing faults of sensors, wireless transmitters, and gateways are essential for water quality management in intensive aquaculture. It remains a challenging task to achieve high fault diagnostic accuracy of water quality monitoring and controlling devices. This paper proposes a hybrid water quality monitoring device fault diagnosis model based on multiclass support vector machines (MSVM) in combination with rule-based decision trees (RBDT). In the modeling process, an RBDT is used to diagnose the gateway fault and wireless transmitter fault at the same time as a feature selection tool to reduce the number of features. A multiclass support vector machine classifier is employed to diagnose the faults of water quality sensors due to its robustness and generalization. We adopted an RBDT-MSVM algorithm to construct a fault diagnosis model. The diagnostic results indicate that RBDT-MSVM model has great potential for fault diagnosis of online water quality devices. RBDT-MSVM was tested and compared with other algorithms by applying it to diagnose faults of water quality monitoring devices in river crab culture ponds. The diagnostic results indicate that the model has great potential for fault diagnosis of online water quality devices. The experimental results show that the proposed model RBDT-MSVM can achieve classification accuracy as high as 92.86%, which is superior to the other three fault diagnosis methods. The results clearly confirm the superiority of the developed model in terms of classification accuracy, and that it is a suitable and effective method for fault diagnosis of water quality monitoring devices in intensive aquaculture.