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A "Cell‐Friendly" Window for the Interaction of Cells with Hyaluronic Acid/Poly‐l‐Lysine Multilayers

: Madaboosi, N.; Uhlig, K.; Schmidt, S.; Vikulina, A.S.; Möhwald, H.; Duschl, C.; Volodkin, D.


Macromolecular bioscience 18 (2018), Nr.2, Art.1700319, 12 S.
ISSN: 1616-5187
ISSN: 1616-5195
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Polyelectrolyte multilayers assembled from hyaluronic acid (HA) and poly‐l‐lysine (PLL) are most widely studied showing excellent reservoir characteristics to host molecules of diverse nature; however, thick (HA/PLL)n films are often found cell repellent. By a systematic study of the adhesion and proliferation of various cells as a function of bilayer number “n” a correlation with the mechanical and chemical properties of films is developed. The following cell lines have been studied: mouse 3T3 and L929 fibroblasts, human foreskin primary fibroblasts VH‐Fib, human embryonic kidney HEK‐293, human bone cell line U‐2‐OS, Chinese hamster ovary CHO‐K and mouse embryonic stem cells. All cells adhere and spread well in a narrow “cell‐friendly” window identify in the range of n = 12–15. At n < 12, the film is inhomogeneous and at n > 15, the film is cell repellent for all cell lines. Cellular adhesion correlates with the mechanical properties of the films showing that softer films at higher “n” number exhibiting a significant decrease of the Young's modulus below 100 kPa are weakly adherent to cells. This trend cannot be reversed even by coating a strong cell‐adhesive protein fibronectin onto the film. This indicates that mechanical cues plays a major role for cell behavior, also in respect to biochemical ones.