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Stimuli-Responsive Multilayers Based on Thiolated Polysaccharides That Affect Fibroblast Cell Adhesion

: Esmaeilzadeh, P.; Köwitsch, A.; Liedmann, A.; Menzel, M.; Fuhrmann, B.; Schmidt, G.; Klehm, J.; Groth, T.


ACS applied materials & interfaces 10 (2018), Nr.10, S.8507-8518
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
Fraunhofer IMWS ()

Control of the biomaterial properties through stimuli-responsive polymeric platforms has become an essential technique in recent biomedical applications. A multilayer system of thiolated chitosan (t-Chi) and thiolated chondroitin sulfate (t-CS), consisting of five double layers ([t-Chi/t-CS]5), was fabricated here by applying a layer-by-layer coating strategy. To represent a novel class of chemically tunable nanostructures, the ability to cross-link pendant thiol groups was tested by a rise from pH 4 during layer formation to pH 9.3 and a more powerful chemical stimulus by using chloramine-T (ChT). Following both treatments, the resulting multilayers showed stimuli-dependent behavior, as demonstrated by their content of free thiols, wettability, surface charge, elastic modulus, roughness, topography, thickness, and binding of fibronectin. Studies with human dermal fibroblasts further demonstrated the favorable potential of the ChT-responsive multilayers as a cell-adhesive surface compared to pH-induced cross-linking. Because the [t-Chi/t-CS]5 multilayer system is responsive to stimuli such as the pH and redox environment, multilayer systems with disulfide bond formation may help to tailor their interaction with cells, film degradation, and controlled release of bioactive substances like growth factors in a stimuli-responsive manner useful in future wound healing and tissue engineering applications.