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Nonlinear hyperviscoelastic modelling of intra-ply deformation behaviour in finite element forming simulation of continuously fibre-reinforced thermoplastics

: Dörr, D.; Henning, F.; Kärger, L.


Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing 109 (2018), S.585-596
ISSN: 1359-835X
Fraunhofer ICT ()

A nonlinear hyperviscoelastic approach for modelling rate-dependent intra-ply deformation behaviour in FE forming simulation of continuously fibre-reinforced polymers is presented. This approach follows either a Voigt-Kelvin approach or a generalized Maxwell approach based on a multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient. The constitutive equations are implemented in a “Discrete Kirchhoff Triangle” shell formulation within an Abaqus user-element, including a physical decoupling of membrane and bending behaviour. The approach is parameterized for a thermoplastic UD-tape (PA6-CF) at different strain-rates and temperatures above the crystallization temperature and applied to iso-thermal forming simulation. Parametrization results reveal that only the generalized Maxwell approach represents the whole material characteristic. Moreover, a difference in forming behaviour is observed for the investigated temperatures and constitutive equations. The difference, however, is small, which reveals that iso-thermal forming simulation following a Voigt-Kelvin approach is suitable for prediction of forming behaviour within a suitable process window, where isothermal conditions are assumable.