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Nonlocal Myriad Filters for Cauchy Noise Removal

: Laus, F.; Pierre, F.; Steidl, G.


Journal of mathematical imaging and vision 60 (2018), Nr.8, S.1324-1354
ISSN: 0924-9907
ISSN: 1573-7683
Fraunhofer ITWM ()

The contribution of this paper is twofold. First, we introduce a generalized myriad filter, which is a method to compute the joint maximum likelihood estimator of the location and the scale parameter of the Cauchy distribution. Estimating only the location parameter is known as myriad filter. We propose an efficient algorithm to compute the generalized myriad filter and prove its convergence. Special cases of this algorithm result in the classical myriad filtering and an algorithm for estimating only the scale parameter. Based on an asymptotic analysis, we develop a second, even faster generalized myriad filtering technique. Second, we use our new approaches within a nonlocal, fully unsupervised method to denoise images corrupted by Cauchy noise. Special attention is paid to the determination of similar patches in noisy images. Numerical examples demonstrate the excellent performance of our algorithms which have moreover the advantage to be robust with respect to the parameter choice.