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A systematic evaluation of recent deep learning architectures for fine-grained vehicle classification

 
: Valev, K.; Schumann, Arne; Sommer, L.; Beyerer, Jürgen

:

Alam, M.S. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Pattern Recognition and Tracking XXIX : 18-19 April 2018, Orlando, Florida, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2018 (Proceedings of SPIE 10649)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-1810-7
ISBN: 978-1-5106-1809-1
Paper 1064902, 11 S.
Conference "Pattern Recognition and Tracking" <2018, Orlando/Fla.>
Conference "Defense and Security" <2018, Orlando/Fla.>
Conference "Defense and Commercial Sensing" (DCS) <2018, Orlando/Fla.>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
vehicle classification; fine-grained classification; car classification; vehicle analysis; Traffic analysis; automotive

Abstract
Fine-grained vehicle classification is the task of classifying make, model, and year of a vehicle. This is a very challenging task, because vehicles of different types but similar color and viewpoint can often look much more similar than vehicles of same type but differing color and viewpoint. Vehicle make, model, and year in combination with vehicle color - are of importance in several applications such as vehicle search, re-identification, tracking, and traffic analysis. In this work we investigate the suitability of several recent landmark convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures, which have shown top results on large scale image classification tasks, for the task of fine-grained classification of vehicles. We compare the performance of the networks VGG16, several ResNets, Inception architectures, the recent DenseNets, and MobileNet. For classification we use the Stanford Cars-196 dataset which features 196 different types of vehicles. We investigate several aspects of CNN training, such as data augmentation and training from scratch vs. fine-tuning. Importantly, we introduce no aspects in the architectures or training process which are specific to vehicle classification. Our final model achieves a state-of-the-art classification accuracy of 94.6% outperforming all related works, even approaches which are specifically tailored for the task, e.g. by including vehicle part detections.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-520785.html