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Measurement and removal of cladding light in high power fiber systems

: Walbaum, T.; Liem, A.; Schreiber, T.; Eberhardt, R.; Tünnermann, A.


Glebov, A.L. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Components and Packaging for Laser Systems IV : 30 January - 1 February 2018, San Francisco, California
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2018 (Proceedings of SPIE 10513)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-1511-3
ISBN: 978-1-5106-1512-0
Paper 105130U, 9 S.
Conference "Components and Packaging for Laser Systems" <4, 2018, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IOF ()

The amount of cladding light is important to ensure longevity of high power fiber components. However, it is usually measured either by adding a cladding light stripper (and thus permanently modifying the fiber) or by using a pinhole to only transmit the core light (ignoring that there may be cladding mode content in the core area). We present a novel noninvasive method to measure the cladding light content in double-clad fibers based on extrapolation from a cladding region of constant average intensity. The method can be extended to general multi-layer radially symmetric fibers, e.g. to evaluate light content in refractive index pedestal structures. To effectively remove cladding light in high power systems, cladding light strippers are used. We show that the stripping efficiency can be significantly improved by bending the fiber in such a device and present respective experimental data. Measurements were performed with respect to the numerical aperture as well, showing the dependency of the CLS efficiency on the NA of the cladding light and implying that efficiency data cannot reliably be given for a certain fiber in general without regard to the properties of the guided light.