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Comparison of validation methods for forming simulations

: Schug, A.; Kapphan, G.; Bardl, G.; Hinterhölzl, R.; Drechsler, K.


Fratini, Livan (Ed.) ; European Scientific Association for Material Forming:
21st International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2018. Proceedings : 23-25 April 2018, Palermo, Italy
Melville/NY: AIP Publishing, 2018 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1960)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1663-5
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <21, 2018, Palermo>
Fraunhofer IGCV ()

The forming simulation of fibre reinforced thermoplastics could reduce the development time and improve the forming results. But to take advantage of the full potential of the simulations it has to be ensured that the predictions for material behaviour are correct. For that reason, a thorough validation of the material model has to be conducted after characterising the material. Relevant aspects for the validation of the simulation are for example the outer contour, the occurrence of defects and the fibre paths. To measure these features various methods are available. Most relevant and also most difficult to measure are the emerging fibre orientations. For that reason, the focus of this study was on measuring this feature. The aim was to give an overview of the properties of different measuring systems and select the most promising systems for a comparison survey. Selected were an optical, an eddy current and a computer-assisted tomography system with the focus on measuring the fibre orientations. Different formed 3D parts made of unidirectional glass fibre and carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastics were measured. Advantages and disadvantages of the tested systems were revealed. Optical measurement systems are easy to use, but are limited to the surface plies. With an eddy current system also lower plies can be measured, but it is only suitable for carbon fibres. Using a computer-assisted tomography system all plies can be measured, but the system is limited to small parts and challenging to evaluate.