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Classification vs. Regression in Supervised Learning for Single Channel Speaker Count Estimation

: Stöter, F.-R.; Chakrabarty, S.; Edler, B.; Habets, E.A.P.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Signal Processing Society:
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing 2018. Proceedings : April 15-20, 2018, Calgary Telus Convention Center, Calgary, Alberty, Canada
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2018
ISBN: 978-1-5386-4658-8
ISBN: 978-1-5386-4657-1
ISBN: 978-1-5386-4659-5
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP) <2018, Calgary>
Fraunhofer IIS ()

The task of estimating the maximum number of concurrent speakers from single channel mixtures is important for various audio-based applications, such as blind source separation, speaker diarisation, audio surveillance or auditory scene classification. Building upon powerful machine learning methodology, we develop a Deep Neural Network (DNN) that estimates a speaker count. While DNNs efficiently map input representations to output targets, it remains unclear how to best handle the network output to infer integer source count estimates, as a discrete count estimate can either be tackled as a regression or a classification problem. In this paper, we investigate this important design decision and also address complementary parameter choices such as the input representation. We evaluate a state-of-the-art DNN audio model based on a Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory network architecture for speaker count estimations. Through experimental evaluations aimed at identifying the best overall strategy for the task and show results for five seconds speech segments in mixtures of up to ten speakers.