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Influence of defect-induced deformations on electron transport in carbon nanotubes

: Teichert, F.; Wagner, C.; Croy, A.; Schuster, J.

Volltext ()

Journal of Physics Communications. Online journal 2 (2018), Nr.11, Art. 115023, 9 S.
ISSN: 2399-6528
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ENAS ()

We theoretically investigate the influence of defect-induced long-range deformations in carbon nanotubes on their electronic transport properties. To this end we perform numerical ab-initio calculations using a density-functional-based tight-binding model for various tubes with vacancies. The geometry optimization leads to a change of the atomic positions. There is a strong reconstruction of the atoms near the defect (called 'distortion') and there is an additional long-range deformation. The impact of both structural features on the conductance is systematically investigated. We compare short and long CNTs of different kinds with and without long-range deformation. We find for the very thin (9, 0)-CNT that the long-range deformation additionally affects the transmission spectrum and the conductance compared to the short-range lattice distortion. The conductance of the larger (11, 0)-or the (14, 0)-CNT is overall less affected implying that the influence of the long-range deformation decreases with increasing tube diameter. Furthermore, the effect can be either positive or negative depending on the CNT type and the defect type. Our results indicate that the long-range deformation must be included in order to reliably describe the electronic structure of defective, small-diameter zigzag tubes.