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Development and implementation of a multi-channel active control system for the reduction of road induced vehicle interior noise

: Gäbel, Gunnar; Millitzer, Jonathan; Atzrodt, Heiko; Herold, Sven; Mohr, Andreas

Volltext ()

Actuators 7 (2018), Nr.3, Art. 52, 19 S.
ISSN: 2076-0825
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer LBF ()
rolling noise; noise transfer model; piezoelectric actuator; active mount; active vibration control; feedforward control; FXLMS; mimo system; AVC; ASAC

An optimized driving comfort with a low interior noise level is an important intention in the passenger car development process. The interior noise level caused by the dynamic interaction between the rolling tyre and the rough road surface and transmitted via the car-body is a significant component of the entire noise level. To reduce the road induced interior noise, in general, the chassis system has to be optimized. Passive measures often induces a trade-off between vehicle dynamics and driving comfort. To overcome this disadvantage in this paper, the development and realization of an active measure is proposed. For the purpose of active mechanical decoupling, an active control system is developed, the feasibility of the integration is investigated and its noise reduction potential is identified by vehicle tests. In a first step, a classical multi-channel and experimental-based structure-borne transfer path analysis of the full vehicle is realized to determine the dominant transfer paths. The concept for the active mount system (active mounts, multi-channel control system, sensors) is developed and parametrized by system level simulation. Mechanical components and power electronics of the active system are designed, manufactured and tested in the laboratory. Subsequently, the entire active system is integrated into the vehicle. The broadband adaptive feedforward algorithm is extended by certain measures in order to improve robustness and performance. Full vehicle tests are used to quantify the required specifications and the achieved effectiveness of the active vibration control system.