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Failure modes, effects and criticality analysis for wind turbines considering climatic regions and comparing geared and direct drive wind turbines

 
: Ozturk, S.; Fthenakis, V.; Faulstich, S.

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Volltext (PDF; )

Energies 11 (2018), Nr.9, Art. 2317, 18 S.
ISSN: 1996-1073
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie BMWi
6. EFP; 0324031; WInD-Pool
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IEE ()
reliability; FMEA; wind turbine; climatic condition; wind turbine type

Abstract
The wind industry is looking for ways to accurately predict reliability and availability of newly installed wind turbines. Failure modes, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) is a technique utilized to determine the critical subsystems of wind turbines. There are several studies in the literature which have applied FMECA to wind turbines, but no studies so far have used it considering different weather conditions or climatic regions. Furthermore, different wind turbine design types have been analyzed applying FMECA either distinctively or combined, but no study so far has compared the FMECA results for geared and direct-drive wind turbines. We propose to fill these gaps by using Koppen-Geiger climatic regions and two different turbine models of direct-drive and geared-drive concepts. A case study is applied on German wind farms utilizing the Wind Measurement & Evaluation Programme (WMEP) database which contains wind turbine failure data collected between 1989 and 2008. This proposed methodology increases the accuracy of reliability and availability predictions and compares different wind turbine design types and eliminates underestimation of impacts of different weather conditions.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-515146.html