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Technological capabilities in Central and Eastern Europe: An analysis based on priority patents

: Dominguez Lacasa, Iciar; Giebler, A.; Radosevic, S.


Scientometrics 111 (2017), Nr.1, S.83-102
ISSN: 0138-9130
ISSN: 1588-2861
Fraunhofer IMW ()
Technological capabilities; patent indicator; priority patent; Central and Eastern Europe; country comparison

This contribution studies the technological capabilities of Central and Eastern European (CEE) economies based on priority filings for the period of 19802009. From a global perspective, the indicators suggest a division of labour in technological activities among world regions whereby Europe, Latin America and the former USSR are specializing in sectors losing technological dynamism (Chemicals and Mechanical Engineering) while North America, the Middle East (especially Israel) and Asia Pacific are increasingly specializing in Electrical Engineering, a sector with significant technological opportunities. Regarding priority filings, CEE reduced its technological activities drastically after 1990. The recovery of CEE economies regarding technological capabilities is unfolding very slowly. The results speak for the ability of CEE countries in contributing to a limited number of fields with growing technological opportunities. The technological profile of the CEE region will more likely than not complicate the technology upgrading process towards activities at the technological frontier.