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Electrically tunable all-dielectric optical metasurfaces based on liquid crystals

: Komar, A.; Fang, Z.; Bohn, J.; Sautter, J.; Decker, M.; Miroshnichenko, A.; Pertsch, T.; Brener, I.; Kivshar, Y.S.; Staude, I.; Neshev, D.N.


Applied Physics Letters 110 (2017), Nr. 7, Art. 071109, 4 S.
ISSN: 0003-6951 (Print)
ISSN: 1077-3118
ISSN: 1931-9401 (online)
Fraunhofer IOF ()

We demonstrate electrical tuning of the spectral response of a Mie-resonant dielectric metasurface consisting of silicon nanodisks embedded into liquid crystals. We use the reorientation of nematic liquid crystals in a moderate applied electric field to alter the anisotropic permittivity tensor around the metasurface. By switching a control voltage “on” and “off,” we induce a large spectral shift of the metasurface resonances, resulting in an absolute transmission modulation of up to 75%. Our experimental demonstration of voltage control of dielectric metasurfaces paves the way for new types of electrically tunable metadevices, including dynamic displays and holograms.