Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Scalable fabrication of nanostructured tin oxide anodes for high-energy lithium-ion batteries

: Heubner, Christian; Liebmann, Tobias; Voigt, Karsten; Weiser, Mathias; Matthey, Björn; Junker, Nils; Lämmel, Christoph; Schneider, Michael; Michaelis, Alexander


ACS applied materials & interfaces 10 (2018), Nr.32, S.27019-27029
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
anode material; electrode preparation; high-energy; lithium battery; tin oxide

Although tin and tin oxides have been considered very promising anode materials for future high-energy lithium-ion batteries due to high theoretical capacity and low cost, the development of commercial anodes falls short of expectations. This is due to several challenging issues related to a massive volume expansion during operation. Nanostructured electrodes can accommodate the volume expansion but typically suffer from cumbersome synthesis routes and associated problems regarding scalability and cost efficiency, preventing their commercialization. Herein, a facile, easily scalable, and highly cost-efficient fabrication route is proposed based on electroplating and subsequent electrolytic oxidation of tin, resulting in additive-free tin oxide anodes for lithium-ion batteries. The electrodes prepared accordingly exhibit excellent performance in terms of gravimetric and volumetric capacity as well as promising cycle life and rate capability, making them suitable for future high-energy lithium-ion batteries.