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Compositional optimization of hard-magnetic phases with machine-learning models

: Möller, J.; Körner, W.; Krugel, G.; Urban, D.F.; Elsässer, C.

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Acta Materialia 153 (2018), S.53-61
ISSN: 1359-6454
ISSN: 1873-2453
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWM ()
permanent magnet; machine learning; density functional theory

Machine Learning (ML) plays an increasingly important role in the discovery and design of new materials. In this paper, we demonstrate the potential of ML for materials research using hard-magnetic phases as an illustrative case. We build kernel-based ML models to predict optimal chemical compositions for new permanent magnets, which are key components in many green-energy technologies. The magnetic-property data used for training and testing the ML models are obtained from a combinatorial high-throughput screening based on density-functional theory calculations. Our straightforward choice of describing the different configurations enables the subsequent use of the ML models for compositional optimization and thereby the prediction of promising substitutes of state-of-the-art magnetic materials like Nd2Fe14B with similar intrinsic hard-magnetic properties but a lower amount of critical rare-earth elements.