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Effect of static axial loads on the lateral vibration attenuation of a beam with piezo-elastic supports

: Götz, Benedict; Platz, Roland; Melz, Tobias


Smart materials and structures : SMS 27 (2018), Nr.3, Art. 035011, 9 S.
ISSN: 0964-1726
ISSN: 1361-665X
Fraunhofer LBF ()
static axial load; lateral vibration attenuation; piezoelastic support

In this paper, vibration attenuation of a beam with circular cross-section by resonantly shunted piezo-elastic supports is experimentally investigated for varying axial tensile and compressive beam loads. The beam's first mode resonance frequency, the general electromechanical coupling coefficient and static transducer capacitance are analyzed for varying axial loads. All three parameter values are obtained from transducer impedance measurements on an experimental test setup. Varying axial beam loads manipulate the beam's lateral bending stiffness and, thus, lead to a detuning of the resonance frequencies. Furthermore, they affect the general electromechanical coupling coefficient of transducer and beam, an important modal quantity for shunt-damping, whereas the static transducer capacitance is nearly unaffected. Frequency transfer functions of the beam with one piezoe-elastic support either shunted to an RL-shunt or to an RL-shunt with negative capacitance, the RLC-shunt, are compared for varying axial loads. It is shown that the beam vibration attenuation with the RLC-shunt is less influenced by varying axial beam loads and, therefore, is more robust against detuning.