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E2mC: Improving Emergency Management Service Practice through Social Media and Crowdsourcing Analysis in Near Real Time

 
: Havas, C.; Resch, B.; Francalanci, C.; Pernici, B.; Scalia, G.; Fernandez-Marquez, J.L.; Achte, T. Van; Zeug, G.; Mondardini, M.R.R.; Grandoni, D.; Kirsch, B.; Kalas, M.; Lorini, V.; Rüping, S.

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Volltext ()

Sensors. Online journal 17 (2017), Nr.12, Art. 2766. 32 S.
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors
ISSN: 1424-8220
ISSN: 1424-8239
ISSN: 1424-3210
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAIS ()
social media; crowdsourcing; geospatial analysis; machine learning; image classification; geolocation; 3D reconstruction; architecture; disaster management; near real time

Abstract
In the first hours of a disaster, up-to-date information about the area of interest is crucial for effective disaster management. However, due to the delay induced by collecting and analysing satellite imagery, disaster management systems like the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMS) are currently not able to provide information products until up to 48–72 h after a disaster event has occurred. While satellite imagery is still a valuable source for disaster management, information products can be improved through complementing them with user-generated data like social media posts or crowdsourced data. The advantage of these new kinds of data is that they are continuously produced in a timely fashion because users actively participate throughout an event and share related information. The research project Evolution of Emergency Copernicus services (E2mC) aims to integrate these novel data into a new EMS service component called Witness, which is presented in this paper. Like this, the timeliness and accuracy of geospatial information products provided to civil protection authorities can be improved through leveraging user-generated data. This paper sketches the developed system architecture, describes applicable scenarios and presents several preliminary case studies, providing evidence that the scientific and operational goals have been achieved.


: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-503037.html