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Milliwatt-class high harmonic generation with an high average power short wavelength fiber laser

: Klas, R.; Demmler, S.; Tschernajew, M.; Hädrich, S.; Shamir, Y.; Tünnermann, A.; Rothhardt, J.; Limpert, J.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe & European Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2017 : 25-29 June 2017, Munich, Germany
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-5090-6736-7
ISBN: 978-1-5090-6737-4
Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO) <2017, Munich>
European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC) <2017, Munich>
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Summary form only given. Table-top extreme ultraviolet (XUV) light sources with laser like properties are of interest in a vast variety of applications. To achieve such light pulses with femtosecond pulse durations, high harmonic generation (HHG) is an established technique. It delivers ultrashort pulses and a wide range of photon energies, suitable for the study of core level transitions, highly excited states, or transitions in highly-charged ions [1], as well as for experiments in solid state physics such as photoelectron spectroscopy [2]. To achieve short acquisition times as well as acceptable signal to noise ratios, a high repetition rate and high photon flux is beneficial. Therefore, average power scalable fiber-based lasers are an ideal driver [3]. Since the HHG single atom response scales with ~λ -5.5 [4] and phase matching conditions are more beneficial for a shorter driving wavelength, a much higher overall conversion efficiency can be achieved for short wavelength drivers [5]. By using the second harmonic of an infrared laser for HHG we demonstrate the highest average power high harmonic source to date. This cascaded frequency conversion yields a record high average power of (832 + 204) μW, contained in a single harmonic line at 21.7 eV with a relative energy bandwidth of ΔE/E ≈ 10 -2 , shown in Fig. 1a) [6].