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On the relevance of modeling viscoelastic bending behavior in finite element forming simulation of continuously fiber reinforced thermoplastics

: Dörr, D.; Schirmaier, F.J.; Henning, F.; Kärger, L.


Brabazon, D. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
20th International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming 2017. Proceedings : 26th-28th April 2017, Dublin City University, Ireland
Melville/NY: AIP Publishing, 2017 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1896)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1580-5
Art. 030003
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <20, 2017, Dublin>
Fraunhofer ICT ()

Finite Element (FE) forming simulation offers the possibility of a detailed analysis of the deformation behavior of multilayered thermoplastic blanks during forming, considering material behavior and process conditions. Rate-dependent bending behavior is a material characteristic, which is so far not considered in FE forming simulation of pre-impregnated, continuously fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs). Therefore, an approach for modeling viscoelastic bending behavior in FE composite forming simulation is presented in this work. The presented approach accounts for the distinct rate-dependent bending behavior of e.g. thermoplastic CFRPs at process conditions. The approach is based on a Voigt-Kelvin (VK) and a generalized Maxwell (GM) approach, implemented within a FE forming simulation framework implemented in several user-subroutines of the commercially available FE solver Abaqus. The VK, GM, as well as purely elastic bending modeling approaches are parameterized according to dynamic bending characterization results for a PA6-CF UD-tape. It is found that only the GM approach is capable to represent the bending deformation characteristic for all of the considered bending deformation rates. The parameterized bending modeling approaches are applied to a hemisphere test and to a generic geometry. A comparison of the forming simulation results of the generic geometry to experimental tests show a good agreement between simulation and experiments. Furthermore, the simulation results reveal that especially a correct modeling of the initial bending stiffness is relevant for the prediction of wrinkling behavior, as a similar onset of wrinkles is observed for the GM, the VK and an elastic approach, fitted to the stiffness observed in the dynamic rheometer test for low curvatures. Hence, characterization and modeling of rate-dependent bending behavior is crucial for FE forming simulation of thermoplastic CFRPs.