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Hybrid laser-arc welding of thick-walled ferromagnetic steels with electromagnetic weld pool support

 
: Üstündag, Ömer; Fritzsche, André; Avilov, Vjaceslav; Rethmeier, Michael; Gumenyuk, Andrey

:

Welding in the world 62 (2018), Nr.4, S.767-774
ISSN: 0043-2288
ISSN: 1878-6669
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IPK ()
hybrid laser arc welding; thick-walled steel; electromagnetic weld pool support; ferromagnetic steel; high-power laser beam

Abstract
The hybrid laser-arc welding (HLAW) process provides many advantages over laser welding and arc welding alone, such as high welding speed, gap bridgeability, and deep penetration. The developments in hybrid laser-arc welding technology using modern high-power lasers allow single-pass welding of thick materials. This technology can be used for the heavy metal industries such as shipbuilding, power plant fabrication, and line-pipe manufacturing. The obvious problem for single-pass welding is the growth of the hydrostatic pressure with increasing thickness of materials leading to drop-out of molten metal. This phenomenon is aggravated at slow welding velocities because of increasing weld seam width followed by a decrease of Laplace pressure compensating the hydrostatic pressure. Therefore, weld pool support is necessary by welding of thick materials with slow welding velocities. The innovative electromagnetic weld pool support system is contactless and has been used successfully for laser beam welding of aluminum alloys and austenitic and ferromagnetic steels. The support system is based on generating Lorentz forces within the weld pool. These are produced by an oscillating magnetic field orientated perpendicular to the welding direction. The electromagnetic weld pool support facilitates a decrease in the welding speed without a sagging and drop-out of the melt thus eliminating the limitations of weldable material thickness.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-500001.html