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Understanding software architectures by visualization - an experiment with graphical elements

: Knodel, J.; Muthig, D.; Naab, M.


IEEE Computer Society:
13th Working Conference on Reverse Engineering, WCRE 2006. Proceedings : 23-27 October 2006, Benevento, Italy
Los Alamitos, Calif.: IEEE Computer Society, 2006
ISBN: 0-7695-2719-1
ISSN: 1095-1350
Working Conference on Reverse Engineering (WCRE) <13, 2006, Benevento>
Fraunhofer IESE ()
software architecture; experiment; visualization; SAVE; ArQuE; graphical element; program comprehension

The evolution and maintenance of large-scale software systems requires first an understanding of its architecture before delving into lower level details. Tools facilitating the architecture comprehension tasks by visualization provide different sets of graphical elements. We conducted a controlled experiment that exemplifies the critical role of such graphical elements when aiming at understanding the architecture. The results show that a different configuration of graphical elements influences program comprehension tasks significantly. In particular, a gain of effectiveness by 63% in basic architectural analysis tasks was achieved simply by choosing a different set of graphical elements. Based on the results we claim that significant effort should be spent on the configuration of architecture visualization tools.