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On cavitation in transparent structural silicone adhesive: TSSA

: Drass, Michael; Kolupaev, Vladimir A.; Schneider, Jens; Kolling, Stefan


Glass structures & engineering 3 (2018), Nr.2, S.237-256
ISSN: 2363-5150 (Online)
ISSN: 2363-5142 (Print)
Fraunhofer LBF ()
TSSA; compressible hyperelasticity; cavitation criteria; continuum damage formulation

Cavitation in rubber-like materials describes sudden void growth of an initially voided material under hydrostatic tension until the material fails. To study the cavitation effect numerically, classical cavitation criteria are coupled with a continuum damage formulation of a Neo-Hookean material. A cavitation criterion defines a failure surface in three-dimensional stress or strain space, which represents the onset of excessive void growth and therefore the strong degradation of the bulk modulus. To account for this special case of material softening, a novel continuum damage formulation at finite strains is presented, where the initially constant bulk modulus of a hyperelastic material is reduced after satisfying a cavitation criterion. Since this formulation leads to an abrupt damage initiation, additionally a continuously volumetric damage formulation is proposed and compared with it. Therefore, novel void growth criteria are developed, which describe the cavitation effect even under smallest volumetric strains. For numerical validation, a single element test is simulated under hydrostatic tension. Furthermore, pancake tests are numerically analysed. The results with regard on the chosen cavitation criterion and the abrupt/continuously damage formulation are compared with each other analysing TSSA.