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Offshoring of production - a european perspective

Frequency, target regions and motives
: Dachs, B.; Ebersberger, B.; Kinkel, S.; Waser, B.R.
: Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-489752 (174 KByte PDF)
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Erstellt am: 09.11.2006

Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer ISI, 2006, 16 S.
European Manufacturing Survey. Bulletin, 2
Bericht, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISI ()

One quarter to half of the manufacturing companies in different Western European countries performed offshoring of production activities in 2002 or 2003. In Eastern Europe production offshoring is rather uncommon. Surpris-ingly, it is not an over-proportionally frequent phenomenon in countries with the highest labour costs in Western Europe. Attempts to reduce the costs of production factors are still the dominating motive, but factors such as market opening, vicinity to key customers or securing the ability to supply locally are important, too. However, production offshoring is not necessarily an irreversi-ble one-way process. Varying from country to country, every second to sixth offshoring company is countered by a backsourcing company.
The ten new EU-member countries, Eastern Europe and Asia are the most at-tractive target regions for cost driven offshoring activities. Market and cus-tomer oriented offshoring activities are predominantly targeted at Northern America and Asia, whereas Western Europe seems to be attractive for com-pensating for capacity bottlenecks or as source for new technologies. An analysis of the characteristics of offshoring companies shows that it is pre-dominantly larger companies with a high share of very old products in turn-over, hence with only slight improvement potentials in the underlying mature production processes, who tend to offshore parts of their production.