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Si-C void structures for anodes in Li-S full cells - from coin cell to pouch cell level

Presentation held at 6th Workshop "Lithium-Sulfur-Batteries", Dresden, 6.-7.11.2017
Si-C-Hohlraumstrukturen für Anoden in Lithium-Schwefel-Vollzellen - Von Knopfzellen zu Pouchzellen
: Baasner, Anne; Dörfler, Susanne; Althues, Holger; Kaskel, Stefan

Volltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4871634 (188 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 1275e458c68982415c24f407484423d9
Erstellt am: 13.3.2018

2017, 1 S.
Workshop "Lithium-Sulfur-Batteries" <6, 2017, Dresden>
Vortrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWS ()
silicon; carbon; Anode; lithium sulfur battery; pouch cell

Silicon is an attractive alternative anode material increasing both the safety and the cycle stability of lithium-sulfur batteries [1]. It has the highest lithium storage capacity (3579 Ah kg-1 Li15Si4) among known elements and the delithiation occurs at a low voltage around 0.4 V vs. Li/Li+ [2]. During the lithiation process silicon undergoes a large undesirable volume expansion generally known from lithium alloys. This volume change leads to the degradation of the entire anode and fast capacity fading [3]. Nanostructured silicon carbon composites with free volume between the silicon core and a conductive carbon shell can potentially compensate the volume change and ensure a stabile solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) at the carbon surface preventing electrolyte consumption during cycling.
In contrast to the recently published references, an easily scalable process without hydrofluoric acid etching treatment is presented in order to gain a free volume between silicon cores and the carbon shells.